The study guide to IS 317 Introduction to Community Emergency Response Teams, contains course notes and the fema is 317 answers.
The Community Emergency Response Team (CERT) Program educates individuals about disaster preparedness and trains and organizes teams of volunteers that can support their communities during disasters. The CERT Program offers training in basic disaster response skills, such as fire safety, light search and rescue, and disaster medical operations. With proper CERT training, you can help protect your family, neighbors, and co-workers if a disaster occurs.
“Introduction to Community Emergency Response Teams (CERT),” IS-317, is an independent study course that serves as an introduction to CERT for those interested in completing the basic CERT training or as a refresher for current team members. The course includes six modules: CERT Basics, Fire Safety, Hazardous Material and Terrorist Incidents, Disaster Medical Operations, and Search and Rescue, and Course Summary.
While IS-317 is useful as a primer or refresher for CERT training, it is not equivalent to, and cannot be used in place of, the classroom delivery of the CERT Basic Training. To become a CERT volunteer, one must complete the classroom training offered by a local government agency such as the emergency management agency, fire or police department. Contact your local emergency manager to learn about the local education and training opportunities available to you. Let this person know about your interest in taking CERT training.
After completing this course, CERT Independent Study (IS)-317, you should be able to:
- Identify key concepts that form the foundation for CERT operations
- Identify principles and guidelines for CERT activities
This lesson provides an overview of the CERT role in disaster preparedness and response. It also covers what you will learn in other lessons about CERT organization and activities.
To indicate the results of triage, every person receives a:
A. Wrist band marked “L” for life-threatening injuries, “S” for severe injuries, and “M” for minor injuries
B. Hand stamp marking the person as “#1” for first priority level, “#2” for second priority level, or “#3” for third priority level
C. Color-coded arm band that indicates whether the person should be released (green), observed (yellow), or sent for immediate treatment (red)
D. Tag that indicates whether the person requires immediate treatment, can receive delayed treatment, has only minor injuries, or is dead
The CERT Leader manages CERT operations until:
A. The Incident Command Post is established
B. The Operations Section Chief reports for duty
C. The first professional responder arrives
D. The Emergency Operations Plan is activated
Craig, a CERT member, is conducting triage of a survivor. He has checked her airway/breathing and bleeding/circulation. What should he do next?
A. Give the survivor a tag to identify her triage category
B. Check the survivor’s mental status
C. Escort the survivor into the decontamination area
D. Report his findings to the chief medical professional at the medical treatment area
CERTs play a critical role in their communities by preparing for hazards and learning response skills to help themselves and others. Following a major disaster, CERTs may activate according to their standard operating procedures to:
A. Coordinate the response to a mass-casualty incident
B. Suppress major fires that may cause infrastructure damage
C. Assume lead responsibility in a hazardous materials incident
D. Respond to incidents in their neighborhoods or workplace
Bill and Madison are CERT members who are helping with disaster medical operations. They’re using personal protective equipment, including exam gloves. However, there aren’t enough gloves available for Bill and Madison to be able to change their gloves after treating each survivor. What should Bill and Madison do?
A. Dispose of their gloves when they become soiled, and then pour hydrogen peroxide over their hands after treating each survivor
B. Change their gloves only if they come in contact with body fluids
C. Disinfect their gloves after treating each survivor
D. Dispose of their gloves when they become soiled, and then wash their hands with antibacterial soap for at least 15 seconds after treating each survivor
All survivors who have third-degree burns should also be treated for which one of the following conditions?
C. Obstructed airway
D. Vicarious trauma
Which of the following will extinguish a Class A, B, or C fire?
A. Water extinguisher
B. Dry chemical extinguisher
C. Carbon dioxide extinguisher
D. Specialized extinguisher
Kelly is the first member of her CERT to arrive at its predetermined staging area after a damaging wind storm struck her community. What role does Kelly now assume within her CERT?
A. Lead Responder
B. Designated Chief
C. Sizeup Coordinator
D. Incident Commander
To protect themselves against fluid-borne diseases, CERT members should:
A. Wash their hands for a minimum of 5 seconds
B. Wear a mask, exam gloves, and goggles
C. Isolate each survivor in a separate treatment area
D. Disinfect every wound with hydrogen peroxide
Which of the following is an effective strategy for eliminating or reducing potential fire hazards in the home and workplace?
A. Place extension cords beneath rugs so they do not become tripping hazards.
B. Store flammable liquids away from heat sources.
C. Inspect wood stoves and chimney flues every five to seven years.
D. Install a fireplace screen that allows a fire to be left unattended.
CERTs should attempt to suppress only fires that are smaller than the size of a:
A. Wastepaper can
B. Wood shed
C. Pickup truck
D. Couch or sofa
Connie and Deb are CERT buddies who are assisting with disaster medical operations. All survivors in the area have been triaged and treated for any life-threatening injuries. What should Connie and Deb do next?
A. Collect contact information to notify relatives of survivors who have died
B. Treat the next priority survivors
C. Begin head-to-toe survivor assessments
D. Disinfect the medical treatment area
Assessment of survivor injuries should be conducted in a systematic order from:
A. External to internal injuries
B. The back to the front
C. The left side to the right
D. The head to the toes
CERT member Gina is treating a burn survivor. Particles of the person’s clothing have adhered to the burn. What should Gina do?
A. Apply an antiseptic ointment on top of the adhered particles of clothing
B. Gently pull the adhered particles of clothing away from the burn
C. Irrigate the burn with potable water to loosen the adhered particles of clothing
D. Leave the adhered particles of clothing in place
A thorough sizeup can make CERT response safer and more efficient by:
A. Eliminating the need for professional responders
B. Determining the estimated response time before taking action
C. Providing critical information to the public
D. Prioritizing actions based on team safety and capability
Two ways that CERT members prepare themselves and their families for disasters and emergencies are by identifying and reducing potential hazards in the home and workplace and by developing a family disaster plan. Which of the following is another way that CERT members prepare for disasters?
A. Ensuring evacuation routes are clear
B. Notifying authorities about known hazards
C. Assembling disaster supply kits
D. Restricting access to hazardous areas
Most bleeding can be controlled by:
A. Packing the wound with salve
B. Immersing the wound in water
C. Direct pressure and elevation
D. Covering the wound with ice
CERT members responding to an incident suspect that they have been contaminated by exposure to a chemical agent. They follow the basic self-decontamination procedures to reduce their risk of injury and limit their exposure to the chemical. What should they do next?
A. Stay out of contaminated area and wait for professional responders to conduct formal decontamination
B. Conduct the same decontamination procedures on the other survivors at the scene
C. Stay in the contaminated area to provide medical treatment to the survivors
D. Relocate downwind of the contaminated site and set up a medical treatment area
The three life-threatening conditions that always get first priority are obstructed airway, excessive bleeding, and:
When leveraging a heavy object to remove a survivor, remember to:
A. Stabilize the object with cribbing as you go
B. Lift the object very rapidly and drop it to one side
C. Place your hands under the object to raise it
D. Leave the cribbing in place after removing the survivor
How does assessment of structural damage during sizeup affect search and rescue operations?
A. The CERT mission changes, depending on whether the damage is light, moderate, or heavy
B. CERT members need to use additional protective equipment before entering a heavily damaged structure
C. CERTs are not allowed to enter either moderately or heavily damaged structures
D. Depending on the type of damage, emergency medical personnel may have to accompany a CERT when the team goes inside the structure
A CERT member’s main objective when treating survivors with suspected head, neck, or spinal injuries is to:
A. Minimize swelling with the use of ice packs
B. Move the person as quickly as possible
C. Keep the spine in a straight line
D. Allow free movement of the neck and spine
Survivors go through four emotional phases when a disaster occurs. In order, they are:
A. Impact phase, inventory phase, rescue phase, recovery phase
B. Inventory phase, rescue phase, imprint phase, resource phase
C. Injury phase, imprint phase, recall phase, recovery phase
D. Recall phase, injury phase, impact phase, rescue phase
Which of the following is NOT part of the CERT member’s goal when working to do the greatest good for the greatest number of survivors?
A. Triage survivors
B. Treat the most serious injuries first
C. Size up the situation
D. Retreat immediately and wait for professionals
A CERT is searching for survivors in a building after an electrical storm. The door to one of the rooms that the team needs to search is closed. Some of the CERT members think they smell smoke. Before entering the closed room, what should the CERT members do?
A. Cover their mouths and noses to keep from inhaling smoke
B. Touch the door handle to feel if it’s hot
C. Have a fire extinguisher ready before opening the door
D. Feel the closed door with the back of the hand, from the bottom up